Biography for Patrick Caulfield CBE RA (1936 - 2005)
Studies and Work
Patrick Caulfield studied at Chelsea School of Art from 1956 to 1960, and the Royal College of Art from 1960 to 1963, where his contemporaries included David Hockney and Allen Jones.He taught at Chelsea School of Art from 1963-71. In 1964, he exhibited at the New Generation show at London's Whitechapel Gallery, which resulted in him being associated with the pop art movement. This was a label Caulfield was opposed to throughout his career, seeing himself rather as "a 'formal' artist".
From the mid-1970s he incorporated more detailed, realistic elements into his work, After Lunch (1975) is an early example. Still-life: Autumn Fashion (1978) contains a variety of styles — some objects have heavy black outlines and flat colour, but a bowl of oysters is depicted more realistically and other areas are executed with looser brushwork. Caulfield later returned to his earlier, more stripped-down style of painting.
Caulfield's paintings are figurative, often portraying a few simple objects in an interior. Typically, he used flat areas of simple colour surrounded by black outlines. Some of his works are dominated by a single hue.
On 24 May 2004, a fire in a storage warehouse destroyed many works from the Saatchi collection, including three by Caulfield. In September 2010 Caulfield and five other British artists,Howard Hodgkin, John Walker, Ian Stephenson, John Hoyland and R.B. Kitaj were included in an exhibition entitled The Independent Eye: Contemporary British Art From the Collection of Samuel and Gabrielle Lurie, at the Yale Center for British Art.
Later in his career, Caulfield worked on several commissions in addition to his painting and printmaking. In 1990 he designed a stained glass window for The Ivy restaurant, it is visible from within the restaurant and on its exterior. In 1992 he designed a 12 metre carpet for the British Council's Manchester headquarters and in 1984 and 1995 set designs for Party Game andRhapsody (respectively) at the Royal Opera House. Caulfield painted the doors of the Great West Organ at Portsmouth Cathedral in 2001.
Selected solo exhibitions
- 2013 Tate Britain, London, UK
- 2009 Prints 1964–1999, Alan Cristea Gallery, London, UK
- 2006 Royal Academy, London, UK (Special Summer Exhibition Show)
- 2006 Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
- 1999 Hayward Gallery, London, UK
- 1996 Claudine Papillon, Paris, France
- 1992-93 Retrospective, Serpentine Gallery, London, UK
- 1989 Waddington Galleries, London
- 1985 Waddington Galleries, London, UK
- 1982 Retrospective, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
- 1981 Patrick Caulfield: Paintings 1963-81, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, UK (touring to Tate Britain, London and Waddington Galleries, London, UK)
- 1978 Tate Gallery, London, UK
- 1968 Robert Elkon Gallery, New York, UK
- 1965 Robert Fraser Gallery, Britain, London
Selected public collections
- Arts Council of Great Britain, London
- British Council, London & Manchester
- Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester
- National Museum of Wales, Cardiff
- Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
- Tate Gallery, London
- Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
- Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester
- Victoria and Albert Museum, London