Biography for Sir Eduardo Paolozzi KBE RA (1924 - 2005)
Paolozzi was born in Edinburgh, Scotland and was the eldest son of Italian immigrants. In June 1940, when Italy declared war on Britain, Paolozzi was interned (along with most other Italian men in Britain).
Paolozzi studied at the Edinburgh College of Art in 1943, briefly at the St Martin's School of Art in 1944, and then at the Slade School of Fine Art at University College London from 1944 to 1947, after which he worked in Paris, France. While in Paris from 1947–1949, Paolozzi became acquainted with Alberto Giacometti, Jean Arp, Constantin Brâncuşi, Georges Braque and Fernand Léger. This period became an important influence for his later work. Paolozzi’s graphic work of the Sixties was highly innovative. In a series of works he explored and extended the possibilities and limits of the silkscreen medium. The resulting prints, characterised by Pop culture references and technological imagery, look fresh and relevant in the 21st Century.
The mosaic patterned walls of the Tottenham Court Road tube station • The cover of Paul McCartney's album Red Rose Speedway • The ceiling panels and window tapestry at Cleish Castle • The "Piscator" sculpture outside Euston Station London • Relief aluminium doors for the University of Glasgow's Hunterian Gallery • The bronze sculpture Newton, after William Blake, 1995, in the piazza of the British Library • The Manuscript of Monte Casino, an open palm, a section of limb and a human foot, located at Leith Walk, looking towards Paolozzi's birthplace Leith • The "Head of Invention" sculpture on the South Bank in front of the Design Museum • The sculpture "A Maximis Ad Minima" in Kew Gardens at the west end of the Princess of Wales Conservatory. • The mosaics in Redditch Town Centre. • The "Athena" sculpture in the Art Centre at the London Oratory School, Fulham. • The "Faraday" sculpture at the University of Birmingham.